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Course 6, Lesson 10 (3 hours)

Inventors and scientists of the world

Knowing how to write a summary is an important skill. It's an effective way to present the most important ideas and information in a concise form. It is also an effective learning strategy.

Here are some guidelines on how to write a summary:

  • Skim through the text to discover the main idea
  • Read the text so that you will understand its structure
  • Underline the main points
  • Decide what you are going to include in the summary and what you are going to leave out.
  • Write an outline of how you will present the information you decided to include in the summary. The information does not have to be presented in the same order as it was in the original text.
  • Write your text in your own words. Remember that the summary is much shorter than the original text, usually 1/3.
  • Revise your text and recheck your grammar and spelling.
  • Identify the author and the title.


Exercise 10.1

In this exercise you will write informative summaries. Those are summaries where you don't criticize or express your own opinions on the article. You merely write a shorter version of the original text in your own words and remain faithful to the original text.

At this website BBC Historic Figures you will find short biographies of these eight inventors and scientists:

Leonardo da Vinci

Nicolaus Copernicus

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Michael Faraday

Charles Darwin

Marie Curie

Albert Einstein

Read through all eight biographies. Choose 3 of them and summarize them in English utilizing the guidelines stated above. The original biographies are about 320 to 420 words long so the length of each summary should be about 100 - 140 words.

Add the three summaries in the box below. Your teacher will assess this exercise as part of your portfolio.



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