Otavan Opiston logoOtavan OpistoNettilukioNettiperuskouluMuikku

Introductory Course
Lesson 4 (3 hours)

Word hunting

An important part of studying English in theUpperSecondary Schoolis finding words in a given text and then building word families around them in order to better learn them. You may, for example, come across such phrase as “sustainable development” in a text about the environment. You can then work with these words by adding a family of words around them: verb “sustain”, verb “develop”, adjective “developing” etc. One extension to this is writing one’s own sentences or even a story using these words. “We had a huge argument about whether car racing with more effective engines and less emission could be described as sustainable development.” When you make your brain work hard like this with these words you actually attach “hooks” to your memory where these words can hang till the time you need them, perhaps much later. It has been proven that all this helps with learning and memorizing difficult words much more effectively than learning long lists of words by heart. Learning by heart may work for a short period of time, but this way you won’t have the hooks to hang the words up to more permanently.

All this also means that when you are searching for information in the Internet the actual effort of searching the required information is at least as valuable a part of learning the language (especially vocabulary) as finding the answers to the assignment at hand is. You learn as much English, if not more, when you are browsing websites for the information as when you read through and summarise the actual facts needed for a specific lesson. Therefore you should never think of the time spent looking for the “right” web site as time wasted, since it is quite the opposite.

With all this in mind, it is now your task to find a text about school life about a page long. Read through the text. Make then a list of at least ten new and interesting words you have found in the text. Then build words related to these, a word family. And finally, write sentences or a story using at least eight of these words. Add the list of the words, the word family and the sentences to your portfolio for further evaluation. Remember also to add the web site you have used to your portfolio.


Exercise 4.1

Word hunting

With all this in mind, it is now your task to find a text about school life about a page long. Read through the text. The make a list of at least ten new and interesting words you have found in the text. Next, build a word family (words related to the ones you picked). Finally, write sentences or a story using these words. Add the list of the words, the word family and the sentences to your portfolio for further evaluation. Remember also to add the web site you have used in your answer.

Please write your answer together with the web addresses you have used in the box below (first write it using a word processing program, save it on your own computer and then copy it in the box).

© Tarja Männikkö ja Arto Silén

Piirrokset: Alessandra Zecca

© 2015 Otavan Opisto